First Aid FAQs
Get answers to the most frequently asked questions around First Aid principles and training . Whenever an accident occurs where someone is injured, it’s crucial that they receive immediate assistance or treatment. This is in order to prevent further complications and keeps the victim stable before a qualified medical professional arrives, if necessary. A quick response is needed whether it is a minor casualty or a more major one, as the first moments after someone is injured can dictate how the rest of the situation unfolds.
First Aid at Work Course: Primary Survey
Our first aid training course was developed to provide learners with an overview of how to act safely and effectively in the event of an incident requiring first aid assistance.
First aid training
Do I need a first aider?
With regards to whether a company should have a first aider within the business, it is recommended that any business operation with 5 to 50 employees should have at least one member of staff with first aid training. After that, there should be one first aider per 50 people.
How do you administer first aid for a minor injury?
When administering first aid for a minor injury like a small cut or scrape, follow these steps:
- Wash your hands
- Clean the wound by rinsing it with running water
- Apply antibiotic cream to prevent infection
- Apply a plaster or bandage to keep the injury clean
What are some basic first aid skills?
Some basic first aid skills include the following:
- Blood loss prevention
- Abdominal thrusts (the Heimlich Manoeuvre)
- Shock treatment
- Patient communication
- CPR (Cardiopulmonary resuscitation)
- Dressing a wound
What are the main principles of first aid?
The main principles of first aid are:
- Preserve life – preserve the life of the patient as long as possible for the emergency services to arrive
- Prevent deterioration – ensure the condition of the patient does not deteriorate
- Pain relief – provide comfort and pain relief to the patient by treating their wounds
- Protect the unconscious – place unconscious patients in safe positions and locations
- Promote Recovery – Take necessary actions to improve the recovery process for the patient
What are the qualities of a good first aider?
Qualities that a good first aider possesses include:
- Remaining calm in the face of an emergency situation
- Excellent communication skills with people in distress
- Decisive and quick to act in emergencies
- Comforting and sympathetic to help the patient keep calm
- Able to work with others to maximise effectiveness
What are the two types of first aid?
There are a variety of types of first aid, some which require specific training. These include such practices as medical first aid, youth first aid and mental health first aid.
What should I expect in first aid training?
First aid training is designed to teach the basic principles of first aid. It will show you how to react in an emergency situation, how to remain calm and how to check your surroundings for hazards. It will also teach you to carry out basic medical procedures such as applying bandages, giving CPR and giving the Heimlich Manoeuvre to a choking patient.
What is the scope of first aid?
The scope of first aid is contained by three different steps:
- The diagnosis and inspection of the patient and the incident
- The treatment and medically assistance for the patient
- The handing over of the patient to medical professionals
Who can administer first aid?
Anyone can administer first aid to a patient in need. However, even basic first aid training can be significantly more effective and can drastically improve the condition of someone in need of first aid attention. Within a business, there is normally an appointed employee who is adequately trained for first aid. It is important to always get the consent, where possible, of the patient before administering first aid.
Bandages First Aid FAQs
Can a bandage cut off circulation?
Yes, bandages can cut off circulation if applied too tightly. To avoid this, the first aider should be able to slide a finger underneath the bandage. If they can’t, then the bandage is too tight and may be cutting off circulation.
Do bandages expire?
Bandages do not expire, though after long periods of time, the fabric may come apart.
Do bandages have medicine in them?
Most bandages do not have medicine in them and simply act as a way to keep dressings clean, support limbs and prevent infection. Some bandages may be sterilised but do not necessarily have medicine in them.
How can you tell if a bandage is cutting off circulation?
Being able to tell if a bandage is cutting off circulation depends on the bandage. Generally however, if the bandaged limb is tingling or numb, or if it is turning blue or pale, the bandage is too tight and may be cutting off circulation. Other signs included swelling or cold limbs, and unmovable fingers and toes.
How do you use a pressure bandage?
The pressure bandage is used in a first aid situation to stem rapid blood loss. The compression it provides encourages the forming of blood clots to prevent further loss.
Before attempting to apply first aid, call the emergency services. Prior to setting a pressure bandage, you will need to bandage the wound in a regular manner. To apply the initial bandage, cut away the clothes from the area around the wound without removing any material stuck to the wound. If there is any object in the wound, do not remove it. From here, apply a dressing over the wound and stabilise any impaled object. Taking a triangular bandage and folding into the size of the palm of your hand, firmly wrap it around the limb and dressing. Once secured, be sure to check the tightness taking careful note of whether the limb has turned blue or not. If the limb is blue, then the bandage is too tight.
Following from this, if elevating the wonder and applying manual pressure is not preventing blood loss, you will have to apply a pressure bandage. Taking another piece of material, wrap this pressure bandage around the initial dressing, and tighten it firmly. After the application of the pressure bandage, keep checking for lack of circulation until the emergency services arrive.
How does crepe bandage work?
Crepe bandages are designed to help with sprains and strained muscles. Made of stretchable materials, crepe bandages create localised pressure to lower the flow of blood to a chosen area. This reduces the swelling of muscle injuries by stabilising the pressure throughout the joint.
How much is triangular bandage?
Triangular bandages are not very expensive, and a single bandage can cost less than £1.
How tight should a compression bandage be?
A compression bandage should be firmly applied but not so much that it is too tight. A numbness or a tingling feeling are signs that the bandage is too tight; similarly, blue or purple coloured toes or fingers are a sign that circulation is being cut off.
Should you wear a compression bandage to bed?
Compression bandages or elastic bandages should generally not be worn to bed, but it is best to consult a medical professional depending on the severity and condition of the injury.
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Bandages First Aid Continued.
What are 3 types of bandages?
The main three kinds of bandage are roller bandages, triangular bandages and tubular bandages. More information can be found here.
What are the bandaging techniques?
To bandage a wound, the first step is to apply dressing. After cleaning your hands with soap, and wearing protective gear, carefully clean the wound with water. Taking a gauze dressing, cover the entire wound area with it and cover the dressing with another if blood continues to come through.
Take a roller bandage and wrap around the dressing as much as you can. Be careful not to wrap to tightly; generally a bandage is too tight if the fingers or toes go numb or turn a pale blue colour.
Using tape, secure the bandage in place and keep an eye on the skin colour for indications that circulation is being impeded.
What are the different kinds of dressing?
There are various kinds of medical dressing including hydrocolloid, hydrogel, alginate, foam, transparent, cloth and collagen. The most common type found in most first aid kits is gauze dressing.
What are the uses of bandages?
Bandages are generally used to support and hold dressings in place, wrapping securely around the wound. Dressings are used to control the bleeding of open wounds and to keep open wounds as clean as possible until further medical attention can be applied.
Bandages can also be used to provide support to splints for sprained or broken limbs.
What are two purposes of bandaging?
The two purposes of bandages are to stop bleeding and to support damaged limbs. Bandages stop bleeding by holding the dressing, which is applied to the wound, in place. They support damaged limbs by holding splints in place.
What is dressing and bandaging?
Dressing is material used in first aid and in medical situations to cover a wound, stopping blood loss and keeping the wound clean. Bandages are a different kind of material, wrapped around dressing to hold it in place and used to bind the wound beneath.
What is the importance of bandaging?
Bandaging is important because it is used to keep a dressing firmly in place. The dressing is used to keep the wound clean and to prevent too much blood loss. In this sense, the bandage is an essential first aid support item.
What is the most versatile bandage?
There is no specific most versatile bandage, since most bandages have specific uses for different injuries and for different parts of the human body. The most commonly used is the roller bandage, made from a long and continuous stretch of cotton gauze material.
Which type of dressing is useful for small wounds?
Adhesive strips and gauze pads are regularly seen as a good dressing to use for small wounds, particularly ones that cannot be covered by a bandage.
Technical First Aid FAQs
Do band aids help heal faster?
It is often thought that wounds covered with a band aid or plaster heal faster. There is however no scientific basis for this claim and there is no proof that wounds heal faster with a band aid. Band aids do, however, keep the wound clean and free of infection.
Do wounds need air to heal?
Wounds do not need air to heal. In fact, airing out a wound can reduce its moisture levels which are a vital part of the healing process.
How do you dislodge food?
If someone has food lodged in their airway then you will be required to carry out abdominal thrusts or the Heimlich Manoeuvre to dislodge the food and to prevent them from choking. This action can be carried out by standing behind the person who is choking, placing your arms around them resting just below the middle of the rib cage, and sharply pulling back, upwards and inwards.
Should I go to hospital after electric shock?
You should always go to the hospital after an electric shock. Electricity through the human body can sometimes affect the rhythm of the heart, and as such, it is better to be safe than sorry. Shocks of over 500 volts, including lighting strikes, require the contacting of the emergency services on 999.
What are the 7 steps of CPR?
CPR is an emergency first aid technique designed to get a person who has stopped breathing to breathe again. After checking the patient is definitely not breathing, apply the following steps for CPR:
- With the patient lying on his back, kneel beside him and place one hand on the centre of his chest.
- Cover the first hand with your second, interlocking your fingers and keeping the heel of your first hand on the chest.
- Leaning over the patient, press down and release, allowing the chest to rise. Repeat the process for 30 compressions in a steady rhythm
- Tilt back the head and lift the chin, allowing the patient’s mouth to fall open.
- Pinching the nostrils and keeping the mouth open with your hands, place your mouth over the patient’s mouth. Blow until their chest rises with the air.
- Taking your mouth away, allow their chest to fall. Repeat the blowing process once.
- Repeat the entire CPR process as many times as you can
What to do if someone is choking on vomit?
In a situation where someone is choking on vomit, the same principles apply as when someone is choking on food. Five back blows between the shoulder blades are the first steps, and if this doesn’t clear the patient’s airway then the Heimlich Manoeuvre is the next step. After wrapping your arms around the patient, make a ball with one fist and grasp it with your other hand. Placing both hands above the patient’s bellybutton but below their rib cage, make a sharp thrusting motion upwards and inwards.
What to do if you are choking and no one is around?
Many solutions to choking rely on others to carry out actions like the Heimlich Manoeuvre or back blows. When no one is around however, there are some things you can do yourself in a choking situation. If you can make a sound or cough, then the first thing to do is cough forcefully to try to dislodge whatever is stuck in your airway. If you can’t, then you will have to perform the Heimlich Manoeuvre on yourself. Making a fist in one hand and grasping it with the other, place the two hands above the belly button, beneath the ribcage, and forcefully push up several times. If both of these fail, then call the emergency services as quickly as you can.
What are the 3 C's when dealing with an emergency?
The three Cs of emergency first aid are as follows:
- Check – check for responsiveness and anything unsafe in the immediate area
- Call – Call the emergency services
- Care – Monitor the victim, keeping an eye on breathing, pulse and general condition
What are the 3 P's in first aid?
The three Ps of emergency first aid are a collection of aims for first aid. They are as follows:
- Preserve life – this includes checking the victim’s breathing and status
- Prevent deterioration – this includes doing everything to maintain a stable condition until the emergency services arrive
- Promote recovery – this includes comforting the patient and relieving any pain they might be in
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General First Aid FAQs
Do I have to give first aid?
You do not have to give first aid to anyone under common UK law, since there is no duty to rescue in legal terms.
Do you legally have to help someone in danger?
You do not legally have to help someone in danger. There are some situations in which you do have to assist someone in danger - these include rescuing someone from a hazardous situation you have created yourself or rescuing someone with whom you have a special relationship (such as your child).
How do you dislodge food?
If someone has food lodged in their airway then you will be required to carry out abdominal thrusts or the Heimlich Manoeuvre to dislodge the food and to prevent them from choking. This action can be carried out by standing behind the person who is choking, placing your arms around them resting just below the middle of the rib cage, and sharply pulling back, upwards and inwards..
How do you make a basic first aid kit?
A basic first aid kit should include the following items:
- Disposable sterile gloves
- Triangular and crêpe rolled bandages
- Sterile gauze dressings
- A selection of different sized plasters
- Antiseptic cream
What are the 5 main aims of first aid?
The 5 main aims of first aid are as follows:
- Preserve life – preserve the life of the patient until the emergency services arrive
- Prevent deterioration – prevent the deterioration of the patient’s condition by preventing blood loss for example
- Pain relief – relieve the pain the patient is in. Comfort and calm them down.
- Protect the unconscious – remove unconscious patients from an area of immediate danger
- Promote recovery – Using a first aid kit, take initial steps to help the patient to recovery
What are the 5 principles of first aid?
The 5 principles of first aid are as follows:
- Preserve life – preserve the life of the patient until the emergency services arrive
- Prevent deterioration – prevent the deterioration of the patient’s condition by prevent blood loss for example
- Pain relief – relieve the pain the patient is in. Comfort and calm them down
- Protect the unconscious – remove unconscious patients from an area of immediate danger
- Promote recovery – Using a first aid kit, take initial steps to help the patient to recover
What are the general steps to take before administering first aid?
Before performing first aid the first step should be ensuring that the environment is safe for you to attempt to help the patient. If it is safe, approach the patient and inform them of your name, your training and what you intend to do. Obtain their consent for you to help them. If a bystander is nearby, ask them to retrieve the nearest first aid kit if one is not immediately available to you.
Put gloves on and check the person head to toe for injuries. Ask them about what happened and what their injuries are. If they are unconscious, place them in the recovery position. After your assessment is complete, focus on administering first aid to the most serious wound or malady first.
What are the golden rules of first aid?
There are 8 golden rules of first aid and they are as follows:
- Check whether your surroundings are safe
- Offer medical aid to the injured person or make the decision if the person is unconscious
- Constantly reassure and comfort the injured person
- Wash your hands before attempting medical first aid
- Clean any wounds with water before applying a clean dressing
- Collect as much information as you can to give to the emergency services when they arrive
- Remain calm
- Check, replace and restock your first aid kit regularly
What are the types of first aid?
There are a number of different types of first aid which are appropriate for different circumstances and patient. These include first aid for young people and first aid for mental health among others. The most common variety is basic first aid which covers physical wounds for the general population.
General First Aid FAQs Continued
How can health and safety culture be improved?
Improving the health and safety culture within your business relies on the perception your employees have of health and safety practices. Having buy-in from the top level management of your organisation counts for a lot, as that will help show how important it is to the organisation as a whole. Ensure each team within your business is on board, and that safety and support are seen as core values of day-to-day operations within the business.
How do you promote health and safety at work?
Promoting a better health and safety culture within your business relies on improving the perception your employees have of health and safety practices. Getting buy-in from the top level management of your organisation can have a large impact, as that will help show how important it is to the business as a whole. Ensure each team within your organisation is on board with all procedures, and that both safety and support are seen as core values of day-to-day operations within the business.
How much should you lift at work?
How much a person should lift safely within the workplace is dictated by the carrying position of the object, and can be isolated into specific safe zones which have a male-female split. This ranges from shoulder height position with 3-7kg for women and 5-10kg for men, to knuckle height with 10-16kg for women and 15-25kg for me. Before carrying out any sort of manual handling at work, make sure to check the weight of the object and the position you will be carrying it in to make sure it is within safe limits.
How should an employer treat an employee?
Employers should treat employees with respect, ensuring that their workspace is in good condition and meets all the relevant health and safety requirements. As employers have a duty of care to their employees, this comes as a legal requirement but should also be embraced by employers as a means of raising morale and improving trust between the business and its employees.
What are employee rights and responsibilities in workplace?
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) states that all workers are entitled to work environments where risks to their health and safety are properly controlled, which is the responsibility of the employer, as well as having any personal protective equipment provided free of charge. All workers have the responsibility to conduct their work in a manner which also upholds all health and safety practices and procedures implemented by the business as to not put other workers at risk. If you have been provided with materials or equipment for your safety then this should not be misused or interfered with, as this could harm others. Any concerns around health and safety you may have can be raised to your employers, or directly to the HSE if you believe that health and safety law is being violated. Your employer should also give you a full, detailed breakdown of your rights and responsibilities as a worker, set out by the HSE.
What are employees responsibilities?
All workers have the responsibility to conduct their work in a manner which also upholds all health and safety practices and procedures implemented by the business as to not put other workers at risk. Any concerns around health and safety you may have can be raised to your employers, or directly to the HSE if you believe that health and safety law is being violated. No equipment or materials should be misused or interfered with if it has been provided for your safety, or could cause harm to others. Your employer should also give you a full, detailed breakdown of your rights and responsibilities as a worker, set out by the HSE.
Why is workplace safety important?
Workplace safety is important because it helps to safeguard employees from any hazards or accidents within the workplace, as well as creating a safe environment for anyone onsite (visitors, guests, inspectors, etc.). It also creates accountability if anything does go wrong so that the appropriate actions can be taken to remedy the situation and ensure the same incident doesn’t occur again.
Why should workers follow workplace health and safety procedures?
All workers for an organisation need to follow the proper health and safety procedures implemented by the business as it creates a safe environment for everyone on-site and minimizes the risks posed by hazards and reduces the chance of accidents occurring. If a worker is found to be violating the health and safety code imposed by a business, they could be held accountable for an incident if something goes wrong.